Hello, everyone! Welcome back to our Python learning series on Today, we’re going to talk about a critical data structure in Python – Lists. Lists are one of the most versatile data structures in Python, and they’re used extensively in data manipulation, machine learning algorithms, and more.

Part 1: What are Lists?

In Python, a list is a collection of items that are ordered and changeable. A list allows duplicate members, and items in a list are enclosed within square brackets [].

fruits = ["apple", "banana", "cherry", "apple"]

Part 2: Accessing List Items

You can access elements in a list by referring to their index number. Remember, Python list indices start at 0.

print(fruits[0])  # Outputs: apple

Part 3: Changing List Items

Lists are mutable, which means you can change their content.

fruits[1] = "blueberry"
print(fruits)  # Outputs: ['apple', 'blueberry', 'cherry', 'apple']

Part 4: List Methods

Python provides several built-in methods that you can use on lists.

  • append(): The append() method adds an item to the end of the list.pythonCopy codefruits.append("mango")
  • extend(): The extend() method adds elements from another list (or any iterable) to the current list.pythonCopy codeveggies = ["carrot", "potato"] fruits.extend(veggies)
  • remove(): The remove() method removes the specified item from the list.pythonCopy codefruits.remove("apple")
  • pop(): The pop() method removes the specified index or the last item if the index is not specified.pythonCopy codefruits.pop(1)
  • sort(): The sort() method sorts the list.pythonCopy codefruits.sort()
  • reverse(): The reverse() method reverses the current sorting order of the elements.pythonCopy codefruits.reverse()


Lists in Python provide us with a flexible and powerful tool for data manipulation. They are one of the simplest and most common data structures in Python, and understanding how to use them is a critical skill for any Python programmer. In the next tutorial, we’ll dive deeper into Python’s other data structures. Until then, keep practicing, and happy coding!