Introduction

Hello everyone! Welcome back to our Python series on CipherTrick.com. Today we’re going to learn about nested loops and loop control statements in Python. These tools give us more control and flexibility in our code, allowing us to handle more complex tasks.

Part 1: Nested Loops

A nested loop is a loop inside another loop. It allows you to “loop through a loop”, handling more complex iteration patterns. Here’s a basic example with a `for` loop inside another `for` loop:

``````for i in range(3):
for j in range(3):
print(i, j)
``````

This code will print each combination of `i` and `j` for the numbers 0 to 2.

Nested loops can also involve `while` loops:

``````i = 0
while i < 3:
j = 0
while j < 3:
print(i, j)
j += 1
i += 1
``````

This code does the same thing as the previous example, but using `while` loops.

Part 2: Loop Control Statements

Loop control statements change the execution from its normal sequence. Python supports three types of loop control statements: `break`, `continue`, and `pass`.

Break

The `break` statement is used to exit a loop prematurely, stopping the loop even if the loop condition has not become False or the sequence of items has not been completely iterated over. Here’s an example:

``````for i in range(5):
if i == 3:
break
print(i)
``````

This will print the numbers 0, 1, and 2. When `i` is equal to 3, the `break` statement stops the loop.

Continue

The `continue` statement is used to skip the rest of the code inside a loop for the current iteration only. The loop does not terminate but continues on with the next iteration. Here’s an example:

``````for i in range(5):
if i == 3:
continue
print(i)
``````

This will print the numbers 0, 1, 2, and 4. When `i` is equal to 3, the `continue` statement skips the print operation for that iteration.

Pass

The `pass` statement is a placeholder and is used when the syntax requires a statement, but you don’t want any command or code to execute. The `pass` statement is mostly used for creating minimal classes or defining empty loops. Here’s an example:

``````for i in range(5):
pass
``````

This code is perfectly valid but doesn’t actually do anything.

Conclusion

Nested loops and loop control statements are key features of Python, allowing for complex iteration patterns and greater control over how and when your loops execute. Practice using these concepts in your code until you feel comfortable with them. Up next in our Python tutorial series, we’ll explore Python’s data structures in more detail. Until then, keep practicing and happy coding!